Spine or Vertebral Column

The vertebral column also known as the spine or the back bone, consists of thirty-three bones called the vertebrae or vertebral bodies. The vertebral column houses and protects the spinal cord in its spinal canal. Spine further supports about half the weight of the body, with the other half is supported by the muscles.


Vertebral Bodies

The vertebral bodies are the bony building blocks of spine. The bones are stacked on top of each other with a spinal disc between each vertebrae.The vertebral bodies act as a support column to hold up the spine.


Intervertebral or Spinal Disc

It is a rubbery disc that lies between adjacent vertebrae in the spine, acting as cushions that facilitate movement. The degeneration of spinal disc is one of the most common causes of back & neck pain. Herniated or rupture discs can 'pinch a nerve' causing neck pain running down the arms, back pain running down the legs, or Sciatica.


Facet Joint

The facet joints are the joints in your spine that allow your spine to bend and twist. They also keep the spine in alignment. Breakdown or degeneration of these joints can lead to neck pain or back pain. This condition is commonly referred to as Facet Joint Disease or Spondylosis. For treatment of facet joint disease we initially perform Facet Joint Injection or Medial Branch Block, followed by Radiofrequency Ablation.



Sciatica or pain running down the buttocks and legs is caused by compression or irritation of spinal nerve roots that supply the sciatic nerve. Usually this condition is caused by herniated discs or spinal stenosis. Sciatica usually treated with Epidural Steroid Injection.



Normally the vertebral bodies are stacked one on top of another like a stack of coins. Each vertebral body is connected to a bony ring that forms the spinal canal. Spinal cord and nerve roots reside in the spinal canal. If one of the vertebrae shifts backward or forward its called spondylolisthesis. This narrowing of the spinal canal can result in pinching of spinal nerves causing neck pain running down the arms, back pain running down the legs or Sciatica.

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Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spaces within your spinal canal that can put pressure on the nerves that travel through the spine. Spinal stenosis occurs most often in the lower back and the neck. Pressure on the spinal cord and nerves can cause pain or numbness with walking and over time leads to leg weakness and sensory loss.