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Endoscopic Discectomy

Minimally invasive treatment

for Disc Herniation



Endoscopic Discectomy

What is a spinal disc?

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It is one of the rubbery cushions (discs) between individual bones (vertebrae) that stack up to make your spine. A spinal disc is a little like a jelly donut, with soft center (nucleus pulposus within a tough exterior (annulus fibrosus).

What is a herniated disc?


A herniated disc occurs when some of the softer "jelly" pushes out through a crack in the tough exterior. A herniated disc can irritate nearby nerves and result in pain, numbness or weakness in back, neck or limbs.

What is Endoscopic Discectomy?


Endoscopic Discectomy is a procedure used to remove damaged disc material in the spine. It is a minimally invasive technique that unlike the conventional procedure does not involve major tissue injury. Instead, a small metal tube, the size of a pencil, is inserted into the herniated disc space under x-ray guidance. The tube serves as a passage for the surgical tools and a tiny camera (endoscope). Under the guidance of real-time x-ray image (fluoroscopy) and a magnified live video feed, the fragment of the disc pinching the nerve is removed.

Who should get Endoscopic Discectomy?

You might benefit from discectomy if your presentation includes:

  • Pain, numbness or weakness in arms or legs 
  • MRI, CT Scan, or discogram reveal disc problems such as disc annular tear, disc bulge, or disc herniation.
  • Electromyogram (EMG), a nerve diagnostic test demonstrates nerve root compression or irriation

How is this procedure better than a conventional procedure?

Endoscopic discectomy is a minimally invasive procedure with very little blood loss, tissue damage or scar formation. It has a short recovery period with patients usually going home the same day.

What are the risks or potential complications?

Discectomy is generally a safe procedure. But as with any interventional procedure, it carries a small risk of potential complications such as bleeding, infection, leaking spinal fluid and injury to blood vessels or nerves around the spine.